So there’s a war brewin’. Or rather a war going on. The war over volume versus intensity/tension. So over the past three weeks I wrote a series of articles examining the issue of muscular tension, it’s importance in initiating growth (it is the primary factor in growth no matter how anybody wants to cut it) and, among other topics discussed the idea of effective reps.
The idea here is that the repetitions that actually turn on the FAK/PA/mTOR pathway are the repetitions done under maximum recruitment (said recruitment being reachable in multiple ways). With some currently unknown number of “effective reps” being optimal for turning on growth (nobody including me has EVER said there isn’t a volume component to growth. Only that it isn’t the primary driver.)
I’d mention that I am by no means the first to write about or conceptualize this idea, I might add. I believe Blade (Borge Fagerli) calls them “hypertrophic reps” and Chris Beardsley has probably written about them the most extensively. … Keep Reading
It was announced on April 28th, 2020, that this paper had been retracted. The reason given was:
This article has been retracted at the request of the authors on April 16, 2020. They performed an a posteriori analysis of the data and identified inconsistencies that changed their evaluation of the results. The authors apologize for the inconvenience.
But no more information has been provided at this time.
Note: posteriori does not have to do with your butt. So settle down Bret.
My hope is that the paper will be republished or at least the change in results interpretation will be made available. But rather than simply depublish this article, I felt it was the honest thing to make it clear that it had been retracted at this time.
If, at some point, it is republished with new results, I will re-examine it. If and when more information is made available regarding the changes, I will point this out as well.… Keep Reading
So I had originally said I would leave this be, that this wasn’t a rap battle, after writing my last detailed criticism of the recent Brad Schoenfeld study. Well clearly that’s not the case.
More on the Statistics
First let me point readers to a thorough analysis of the statistics used in Brad’s paper by Brian Bucher. Basically he takes them apart and shows that none of the THREE metrics supports their strongly worded conclusions.
None of them.
In this vein, here’s something interesting.
Brad and his group have NEVER used Bayesian statistics until this paper. I searched on my folder of his papers and the term Bayesian shows up 4 times. Three are papers that Menno Henselmans was on and it’s his email address. The fourth is one of James Krieger’s meta analyses. At best James has used them before.
Now I find this interesting because there is no way to know if Brad and James had planned to use this approach ahead of time. … Keep Reading
So there’s a war brewing in online fitness land. About three weeks ago, Brad Schoenfeld et. al. released a paper purporting to show that more volume meant more growth with 30 sets per week for upper body and 45 sets for lower body outperforming lower and more moderate volumes. To say there has been a shitstorm, much of which is driven by myself, is a bit of an understatement.
I wrote a fairly critical piece about that paper (that had issues, see below) and brought up several other problems with it (including one I will finish this piece with). My questions at Brad or James went completely unanswered with any number of deflections and obfuscations occurring throughout. Even when others, not me, asked similar questions, they went unanswered or were deflected with the kind of behaviors only the best gurus use.
Then, a few days ago, James Krieger wrote an article explaining why different studies find different results to “address criticisms being leveled at the study by certain people (like Lyle McDonald)”. … Keep Reading
A long standing debate in the field of nutrition is how much protein should be consumed after training to provide an optimal stimulus for protein synthesis. Let me note that only focusing on MPS is short-sighted at best and moronic at worst. Today I want to look at the following paper which addresses the issue.
MacNaughton et. al. The response of muscle protein synthesis following whole-body resistance exercise is greater following 40 g than 20 g of ingested whey protein. hysiol Rep, 4 (15), 2016, e12893
Around Workout Nutrition
This paper is quite timely given that I’m currently mired (yes, mired) in the around workout nutrition chapter of the woman’s book. Now, in recent years, the whole post-workout nutrition thing (or more generally around workout or peri-workout nutrition) has become a little bit more confusing than it was originally.
Back in the day everybody knew you had to consume carbs and fluids (endurance athlete) or carbs and protein (resistance training) for optimal results.… Keep Reading